Over the last few years, our team at Weather Station Finder has been travelling to several countries around the world to install our own weather stations and partner with others. The goal was to...
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Weather Station Finder has already taught you the first steps for building your personal station and join the thousands of Americans contributing to accurate forecasts of the weather across the US. You’ve learned how...
Perhaps you feel like getting into the hobby of collecting your own weather data, but think that the process of building your personal weather station will be complicated. It can actually be really easy...
As a fun and interesting project, you can build your own personal home weather station nowadays, without much fuss and cost. Weather Station Finder will teach you how to. But maybe you lack the...
Our last overseas trip to measure atmospheric data with our weather station installations was to the incredible country of Sweden. Our team was able to gather conclusions that made us think about the Swedish...
Over the last few years, our team at Weather Station Finder has been travelling to several countries around the world to install our own weather stations and partner with others. The goal was to conduct exclusive studies for our readers. Germany was one of the first missions. And here is a summary of our crew’s conclusions.
The north and coastal regions
The climate in Germany is considered moderate with no longer periods of hot or cold weather. The Northwest region, as well as the coast, have a climate very influenced by the sea, which translates in cloudy winters and warm summers.
Once you go farther inland, you will notice that the climate is more typically continental, with greater and much more distinct variations during the seasons.
The south inland
The south registers more temperature extremes than the north, precisely because it is the most inland German region. Those extremes are felt between both summer and winter and day and night. January is the coldest month in the country. The average temperature is -2ºC (28.4ºF) in the south and around 1.5ºC (34.7ºF) up north.
During July, the warmest month, the situation reverses and you can see the difference between the more moderate north and the continental south. The north is fresher with temperatures rounding the 17ºC (62.6ºF). Meanwhile, the south of Germany usually registers an average of 21ºC (69.8ºF).
As you’ve seen, the maritime and continental climates are the most predominant across the German territory. However, the Alpine region in the extreme south, as well as the Central Uplands, even though to a lesser extent than the Alps, have a climate known as mountain climate. It is characterized by low temperatures due to the high altitudes.
The reason why the Alpine regions have a more rigorous mountain climate than the Uplands is because of the fact of conjugating both high altitudes and an inland south location.
In these regions, there is greater precipitation. In the Alps, we were able to register a phenomenon known in the German language as “föhn”, meaning “warm wind”. In this condition, warm tropical air drags across the Alps and loses moisture down south, decreasing precipitation. Some instances of the “föhn” winds have caused severe damage during the winter and even late fall.
Frequent low-pressure systems
Particularly during the months of fall and winter Atlantic low-pressure systems can bring to Germany extremely strong winds and deeply uncomfortable weather that includes heavy rain and thunderstorms.
The summer low-pressures, although weaker, can still cause thunderstorms and regularly lead to showery weather.
You are probably accustomed to see portrayals of the German winter as a very harsh and unreasonably cold season. That can be the case in the southern, eastern and mountainous regions, which can register temperatures far below 0ºC (32ºF). Anywhere else, though, winters are generally mild.
If you are reading this not only with a weather enthusiast’s point of view, but also with a tourist’s one you are probably wondering: what should I wear on my trip to Germany?
Well, we recommend light clothing for summer, while simultaneously being armed with rainwear. Waterproof medium to heavyweights are essential for winter. And you can basically count on needing a sweater year-round.
Weather Station Finder has already taught you the first steps for building your personal station and join the thousands of Americans contributing to accurate forecasts of the weather across the US. You’ve learned how to measure temperature, humidity and pressure. Let’s learn some more.
For this, you should buy a standalone rain gauge. Rain will be collected in a self-tipping tray that automatically empties when filled with 0.01 inch of water. Each time it empties, the sensor of the gauge will send a signal to the motherboard inside the container. By the time the tray has tipped 100 times, you’ll have measured an inch of precipitation.
Bolt it to the side of the pole opposite the ventilated housing. Run the cable along the gauge and the plastic housing and into the motherboard.
Wind speed and direction
In order to measure wind speed and direction you’ll need an anemometer. You have three types available: the three-cup, propeller and sonic anemometers. With the cups or propeller types, the wind spins them as a way to measure speed. It also turns a vane to figure wind direction. Specialists tend to agree that the propeller anemometer is slightly more accurate than the three-cup version.
The sonic ones have a huge advantage and a huge disadvantage. They are much less likely to freeze or break since they have no moving parts, but they usually cost more than $1,000. You can build your entire station for less than half the price. Whichever type you buy, you must attach it to the top of the pole.
Much of the equipment from the three top brands, Arduino, Particle Photon and Raspberry Pi, comes with integrated Wi-Fi. You won’t have to spend money on wireless modules. Hook it up to practically any device, including your smartphone, laptop, tablet or a monitor. You’ll only have to connect the weather station to your home internet once. For that, you have all the instructions in the package.
You should place your personal weather station over a natural surface, such as grass, and at least 100 feet away from pavements. You must also make sure that no trees or walls block the sun, the wind and the rain. The station’s ventilated plastic housing must be at least five feet above the surface. The anemometer should be the tallest part and there should be nothing else within five feet of the gauge for rain measuring.
A solar panel is the easiest and most efficient way to power your weather station. The minimum requirements are 3 watts and a battery of 2,000 mAh. Ideally, the panel must be installed separately to prevent blocking any of the station’s equipment. Just run its power cable to the motherboard. It’s finally up and running. You should start receiving data online at your home.
Lastly, you can do what you’re probably most excited about. You can connect your personal weather station to a sharing service. Weather Underground is widely known for providing incredibly localized accurate data on the US weather. Now you can be one of the agents to help improve the forecast in your location for all of your neighbors.
Perhaps you feel like getting into the hobby of collecting your own weather data, but think that the process of building your personal weather station will be complicated. It can actually be really easy and fun.
There are more than 12,000 public weather stations across the US. That may sound like a lot until you hear that more than 200,000 people in North America run their own devices from home and contribute with accurate hyper-localized forecasts of the North-American weather.
You can build your personal weather station, or PWS, for less than $500. Vendors like Ambient Weather and Adafruit have all the necessary parts available. Let’s start the fun.
Particle Photon and Arduino are known to be the best motherboards. Mount the motherboard in a waterproof container and then in a plastic housing that is well-ventilated. The larger housing will hold most of the sensors. Attach it to one side of the pole, a few feet from the top. The ventilation of the housing is the biggest contributor to accuracy.
Look for a waterproof coin-sized thermometer to attach to the motherboard. It looks like a cable with a stainless-steel pin on one of the ends. That pin is the part that will pick up the measurements.
You should mount it inside the ventilated plastic housing but outside the waterproof container. This sensor should never be exposed to direct sunlight as it would register inaccurately hot values.
To measure humidity you’ll use a hygrometer, which is a polymer sensor that absorbs water from the air. When water soaks into it, the electric current slows down its flow. So, the hygrometer is able to measure humidity based on how quickly electricity is flowing through it.
If you buy a 2-in-1 thermometer/hygrometer you’ve been taught all the steps above. Otherwise, mount the hygrometer near the thermometer and connect it to the motherboard as well. Only when the two sensors are very close, can they measure the exact same sample of air.
Don’t opt for an analog barometer. Instead, you should buy a digital one with an electronic pressure sensor. How does the barometer’s sensor measure pressure? As atmospheric pressure rises, more and more weight of the air will press down on the sensor. It then sends an electric signal to the motherboard.
Tracking atmospheric pressure allows home weather data collectors to help forecast storms and movements of warm and cold fronts in their location in North America. For this one, you can connect it either directly to the motherboard inside the waterproof container or next to the other two sensors, the thermometer and the hygrometer.
There you have it. These are the first steps for building your personal weather station at home. It requires a lot of your attention, but is not necessarily complicated, and it definitely is fun.
Many people stick to these three sensors, the thermometer, the hygrometer and the barometer. However, if you’re curious about collecting more data, we will teach you how to measure rainfall and wind speed and direction. We will also go over the final steps, including installing the station and hooking it up to the internet. All in a new article coming soon.
As a fun and interesting project, you can build your own personal home weather station nowadays, without much fuss and cost. Weather Station Finder will teach you how to.
But maybe you lack the time or are simply looking for a more immediate solution to start analyzing the weather status and share it online. In that case, take a look at some of the most reliable options in the market.
Ambient Weather WS-2902
The WS-2902 is arguably the absolute best home weather station in the market. The 10-in-1 system measures temperature, radiation, UV, humidity, pressure, rainfall, wind direction and wind speed. It connects via Wi-Fi and lets you read your data on the go on your phone, tablet or laptop.
The LCD display has all the measurements color coded. And with the Wi-Fi integration you can collect data from the entire network of Ambient Weather’s home weather stations. Not to talk about the state-of-the-art tech. You’ll feel like an actual meteorologist.
La Crosse Technology S88907
For those whose main concern is the cost, the S88907 system is a great and affordable solution. It’s perfect for beginners since it keeps it simple with a thermometer and a hygrometer.
This is the system with the best accuracy rate within its price range, up to 75%. You can receive your data wirelessly over 300 feet and be warned of forecasted sudden weather changes.
AcuRite 01036 Pro Weather Station
This is a 5-in-1 wireless system with sensors that measure temperature, humidity, precipitation, wind speed and wind direction. It uses self-calibrating technology to deliver high-precision forecasts.
You can hook it up to your devices via USB. That way, you´ll be able to monitor your collected data remotely and download it to share. You can also set up text or e-mail alerts for each of the measurements. The 01036 station has one of the best quality-price ratios in the market.
AcuRite 00589 Pro Color Weather Station
If you plan to use your station to collect only the most essential data you don’t need to spend money on a more advanced system. This top quality 3-in-1 station may very well be the best answer.
The unit consists of a thermometer, a hygrometer and an anemometer to measure temperature, humidity and atmospheric pressure, respectively. It also measures wind speed and direction. The color-coded data display is simple and quick to analyze, just how you want it to be.
Evaluate to what degree you want to analyze the weather conditions at your location and choose one of these dependable stations.
Our last overseas trip to measure atmospheric data with our weather station installations was to the incredible country of Sweden. Our team was able to gather conclusions that made us think about the Swedish weather differently than what is usually portrayed.
Many people picture harsh winters and never-ending cold when thinking about Sweden. However, the Swedish weather can be much milder and that’s greatly thanks to the warm Gulf stream.
The seasons and regions
One of the things Swedes love to highlight about their climate is that each of the four seasons is extremely unique and different from one another. They are also very different depending on the region.
The Swedish territory can be divided in three regions: “Götaland” in the south, “Svealand” in the middle and “Norrland” up north.
The south – Götaland
In the south, winters are milder and shorter and summer temperatures frequently reach 25ºC (77ºF). Daylight averages 19 hours in the peak of the summer. Due to the significant levels of humidity, cold days feel colder and warm days feel hotter. Snow is rare during the Götaland’s winter.
The midlands – Svealand
Stretching across Stockholm in the east to the Norway border in the west there is the Svealand region. The weather is generally slightly colder than in the south throughout the entire year. Snow is much more common, particularly in the northwest, the place of several ski resorts. Average temperatures are just bellow 0ºC (32ºF) in January, the coldest month.
The north – Norrland
The Norrland up north is the home of the extremely challenging climate the general consensus somehow associates with the entirety of Sweden, even though few people inhabit the area. Winters are cold, dry and long with very low temperatures dragging across several months. Summers are short. However, the temperatures are very comfortable during the season, from 15ºC to 25ºC (59ºF to 77ºF).
We are sure that as a weather enthusiast who probably has their own weather station, you are glad you were able to gain some new and demystified insights about the Swedish weather. If you’re into travelling, you now know you shouldn’t be so afraid of visiting Sweden.